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Web Server and Different Types of Web Servers


Web Server and Different Types of Web Servers


Web Server and Different Types of Web Servers

Web Server and Different Types of Web Servers


You never really need to know the various types of server if you are simply just building websites or are Internet surfing, but if you have an ambitious job that involves the net, then knowledge of the types of server out there is needed.


What is a Web Server?

Web servers use HTTP to allow access to the Internet. They will flick through and use HTML CODE files that are directed to web browsers and converted so the user can understand them. Additionally it is able of accessing and storing other types of documents, nevertheless they are often attached in some way to the HTML files it has, such as having images that are put after the HTML.


What are Web Servers Used For?

Web servers are generally used to maintain process and deliver the pages of an internet site to users. In layman’s terms, which means that web web servers are what make websites appear when you type in an URL.


Types of Web Servers:

Presently there are 4 primary web servers:

  1. Apache (provided by Apache)
  2. IIS (provided by Microsoft)
  3. nginx (provided by NGINX, Inc. and described like “Engine X”)
  4. GWS (provided by Yahoo and short for Google Web Server)

Currently, Apache is the most popular with IIS gaining in popularity and soon becoming the most popular web server. nginx is an extremely popular alternative as it is very fast and very lightweight, while GWS is the least used with a little percentage of use.


File Servers

They are often accountable for the of stored files and the management as well as security. You can send and receive files at the user’s request. These are not like sharing servers; they are a lot more like the filing units of the Internet world.

File servers tend to be categorized by how the files on the server are accessed. Here are the various methods:

Internet File Servers:

FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol)

LOCAL AREA NETWORK File Servers:

SMB/CIFS Protocol
NFS Protocol

File web servers are different from web servers because they do not provide dynamic web content like web servers. Instead they only provide static files.


Application Servers

This is a server that is dedicated to serving a certain piece of software. It is often used in conjunction with other servers and software. Intended for example, you may indication up for online gaming and be directed to servers set up solely for the gaming software.

Application Server Advantages:

Data and Code Integrity
Centralized Configuration
Secureness
Performance
Reduced Cost of Possession
Purchase Support

Types of Application Servers:

Java Application Servers
. Net Framework
PHP Application Servers
Open Source Software Servers
Mobile Application Servers


Inter-server level devices

They are devices that bypass servers in order to send signals straight from one destination to another in an organized fashion, such as how a person is able to download one file from multiple computers at one time.


Message Web servers

These kinds of are servers that allow things such as real-time communication between users. That they may include IRC machines, chat servers and groupware. The methods of communication are fairly flexible.


Web proxy Servers

It will act as a mediator between server-to-filter requests made by users and a customer program. It allows the management of emails and shared connections.

 

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There are two types of proxy servers: Open Proxies and Reverse Proxies.

Open Proxies

An open up proxy is a forwarding proxy server which is accessible to any user. Anonymous open proxies allow the users which access them to conceal their Internet protocol address while using the internet. The level of invisiblity varies and these often aren’t completely secretive because their are methods which will cause the consumer to reeal itself.

Reverse Proxies

Reverse proxies are a type of server which look like an ordinary server. A customer that requests information from the server will have their request forwarded to one or more proxy servers which allow the user to receive their request like it were from the initial server all while having no information as to the original server.

Proxy Server Uses

Proxy servers have a variety of uses including both harmful and legitimate uses. For example, large corporations may use proxy servers to protect their data while someone may avoid government, business, or school censorship with the use of a proxy.


Database Servers

They will can manage a database, as it is stored on the server. They will may use the SQL database management system. The server can search through information and send any requested information back to the client.


Mail Servers

As the name suggests, this is the sort of server you can use to control email. A server may be set up with the expressed idea of it controlling and handling e-mail only. It sends, receives, stores your emails.

At this time there are two primary types of mail servers: IMAP and POP3 Servers. IMAP is quickly becoming the most popular server as it allows you to read your mail on multiple devices.

Many people not need to (nor want to) run their own mail server, as Google, Microsoft and plenty of other corporations offer free email.


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